THE COALFACE, of social change in the Stormberg Region, when mining boomed in the Eastern Cape, 1880-1910

: Gibbs (P.)

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277pp., illus., map, hardback, d.w., Grahamstown, 2017.


Pat Gibbs discusses how the area around Molteno in the Stormberg mountains of the north eastern Cape Colony - a region inhabited by mainly Afrikaner stock farmers, a few English wool farmers,  and a few Thembu, Khoi, Sotho and Xhosa sharecroppers and labourers - was transformed by the arrival of mining and merchant capitalists, bankers and financiers, skilled overseas miners and Thembu labourers, drawn to the region by the coal mines.

Pat Gibbs is a research associate at Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.